ENVIRONMENT

Forestry & Environment Protection

Forests … are in fact the world’s air-conditioning system—the very lungs of the planet—and help to store the largest body of freshwater on the planet … essential to produce food for our planet’s growing population.

We along with our subordinate Partners, Centre & offices, carry out our mandates in coordination with other stakeholders such as civil society, local non-governmental organisations and local representatives of residents of protected areas.

The project team supports the partner ministries in devising and implementing a sector strategy for environmental and forest conservation. It also works with the partners on continued development of policy and strategy guidelines and legal frameworks. Training programmes for the staff of public authorities and institutions at decentralised level impart the know-how needed to enable them to carry out working processes and fulfil their tasks in a more professional manner. This will ultimately allow them to optimise processes geared to the sustainable management of forest resources.

A major issue is air pollution, which is known to have had significant impacts on some forests. Air pollutants of concern include sulfur dioxide, hydrogen fluoride, heavy metals, and ozone. Control of these pollutants ultimately benefits forests. Forests have a major role to play in the protection of the global carbon cycle. They represent an important sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide, and conversion of forests to other land uses is one of the causes of the increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. Reforestation and afforestation could contribute to reducing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations, and the use of biofuels could help to reduce demand for fossil fuels.

Forests play an important role in environmental protection. There is a long history of protection forests in mountain areas, where they help to prevent soil erosion, landslides and avalanches, and where they are important in maintaining the water quality of rivers draining forested catchments. Special silvicultural methods are required to ensure that these forests are maintained indefinitely.

Deforestation