Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).

Skill and knowledge are the two driving forces of economic growth and social development for any country. Countries with higher level of skills fare better to cope with the challenges of emerging economies in the present day world.

In any country, youth is primarily the focus for any program for skill development. Our country is better placed in this regard. We have a vast majority of population in the productive age group. This provides a great opportunity to India. It also poses a great challenge. Benefits will flow to our economy only if our population, particularly the youth, is healthy, educated and properly skilled.

India with its an unrivalled youth demographic, is definitely poised for a big boost in terms of socio-economic development. We have 605 million people below the age of 25. They can act as agents of change, by being empowered with various employable skills which will enable them to make impact not only on their lives but also on the lives of other individuals.

Strategy and Approach

PMKVY will boost the productivity of the country’s workforce by enabling them to acquire high quality skill training across a range of sectors. It will also bring about a paradigm shift from input-based to outcome-based skill training in the country. It also seeks to significantly scale up skill training activities in the country and enable skill training to happen at a fast pace without compromising quality.

  • The Scheme will provide monetary incentives for successful completion of market driven
    skill training and certification to approximately twenty four lakh youth in in a span of one year from the date of implementation of the scheme.
  • This Scheme shall be implemented through Public-Private and Public-Public
  • NSDC will be the implementing agency for this Scheme.
  • All trainings and certification under Recognition of Prior Learning will be specifically
    oriented for developing skills in specific growth sectors.
  • Assessment and training bodies for all purposes of the Scheme will be separate and no overlap of roles will be allowed to maintain transparency and objectivity.
  • The monetary reward will be wholly funded by the Ministry of Skill Development and
    Entrepreneurship, Government of India and will be affected through bank transfer to the beneficiaries’ accounts. For facilitating the smooth disbursement as prescribed under the scheme, the entire money along with the additional implementation fund will be transferred to National Skill Development Fund for further utilization by NSDC.

Skilling is building a better India.
The world and India need a skilled workforce.

Our mission is to enhance the standard of education in India and to train youth to create certain skills which increase the productivity of the skilled individuals which would be used for nation's development.


Training will be done against standards (National Occupational Standards - NOS and Qualification Packs - QPs for specific job roles) formulated by industry-driven bodies, namely the Sector Skills Councils (SSCs). The job roles identified by SSCs for Level 1 to Level 4 is aligned with NSQF and aim to target school/ college dropout.

Eligible Providers

NSDC training partners undergo due diligence before being registered with NSDC. Government affiliated training centres and other training partners will be approved by the SSCs on the basis of guidelines issued by NSDC. Each TP would be responsible for its entire franchisee network and the infrastructure of training centers.

Demand-driven targets

Based on assessment of skill demand and the ‘Skill Gap Studies’, target for skill training would be allocated to sector skill councils by NSDC in consultation with the SSCs, States/UTs and the Central Ministries/Departments under the oversight of the Steering Committee of PMKVY.

Training Content

While, the thrust would be on outcomes in terms of third party assessment/certification, training providers to focus on improved curricula, better technology enabled pedagogy and upgrading the capacity of instructors to enable the overall ecosystem for high quality skill training in the country. All skill training would include soft skill training, personal grooming, behavioural change for cleanliness, and good work ethics as a part of the training curricula.

Target aligned to national flagship programmes and regions

Target for skill training would be aligned to the demand from the Central Government’s flagship programmes, such as - ‘Swachh Bharat’, ‘Make in India’, ‘Digital India’, ‘National Solar Mission’ and so on.

Assessment and Certification

Third party assessments for skill training will be done based on national (and often) global standards. Under PMKVY, trainees with prior experience or skills and competencies will be assessed and they will also be given monetary rewards for undergoing assessments. This will be an important step towards recognising the skills possessed by workers working in the informal sector and their inclusion.